Shuttle loom weaving is a traditional method of weaving that utilizes a shuttle to insert the filling yarn through the shed (opening of warp yarns) to produce a desired weave.
This weaving construction produces a woven substrate of a uniform architecture and thickness across the entire width of the material including the edges. Both edges are woven.
Needle loom (Shuttleless loom) weaving is a more modern method. The filling yarn is inserted using a needle. Materials woven in this manner have one woven edge and one knitted edge. Typically, the knitted edge is thicker than the woven portion of the construction. This type of construction can be more economical in production. Although construction modifications to the knitted edge have minimized the impact, problems can arise due to uneven yarn tensions.
Shuttle loom construction is superior and preferred for specific applications:
- Superior loading profile and increased burst strength
- Improved tensile strength retention after abrasion of the edge
- Minimized curvature and distortion from wet/dry cycles and end item use
Another common weave construction on a shuttle loom is tubular webbing. A needle loom tubular has a knitted seam on one edge. This is a break in the uniformity of the weave. Certain filtration and wicking applications require a seamless tubular woven construction with a uniform weaving profile the entire circumference of the tube. This can only be accomplished with a shuttle loom.
Bally Ribbon Mills maintains capability in both shuttle loom and needle loom webbing constructions. Pending the end use application and the economics of the application, a decision between needle loom and shuttle loom must be made by the end user. To learn more about shuttle loom weaving, contact us today.